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Writing: A Film Review

写作:电影评论

Writing: A Film Review
写作:电影评论
北师大版
(Unit 18 Communication Workshop)
The first period

                                                                                          Yuan  Jian

 
一、 整体设计思路、指导依据说明
     写好影评是学生综合语言能力的体现,要求授课教师具备较高的综合素质。
当前,从规范的教师用书到其它各种教辅用书,所提供的教学设计均为阅读课教学设计;从名师授课到各个学校公开课、示范课、教学大奖赛等,所选用的课型绝大多数为阅读课或语法知识教学课。似乎大家都十分热衷于阅读课教学,但是这也清楚地反映各教研机构以及授课教师在写作技能、听力技能等方面教学教研工作的不足之处。为此,本次教学设计我刻意为选取了电影评论的写作教学Writing: A Film Review,希望在英语教学的实效性教研方面进行探讨,帮助高中学生实现相应语言技能输出,即:
1、教会学生能在写作中做到文体规范、语句通顺;
2、发展学生能够写出连贯且结构完整的短文的能力;
3、培养学生叙述事情或表达观点和态度的技能。
    当然,为了学生写作技能的实现,我在实际教学过程中必须坚持做到以下几点:
1、学习阅读部分时,必须让学生们大声齐声朗读,这样有利于学生们精力更加集中,对于课文的理解也更加深刻;
2、本课的阅读材料是为了后面的写作服务的,因此,上阅读部分时不可拘泥于字、词、句、篇的讲解,段落大意的分析,必须立足于文章的结构安排,为写作部分提供很好的范例;
3、从连接词的运用到典型句型的操练,再到影评4个段落写作,老师必须让学生独立或以二人或多人小组的形式完成,充分发挥学生运用知识的技能,体现学生在教学实践中的主体地位。另一方面,在这些过程中,老师需要时刻检查、辅导、帮助同学们完成各项任务。
二、 教学背景分析
      我的这份教学设计面向北师大版选修六第十八单元Communication Workshop第一课时的教材而撰写。本课时共分Reading和Writing两个部分,但是第一部分的阅读是为第二部分的写作提供范例,帮助学生学会该如何写影评,即:第一段,写影片的基本信息basic information about the film;第二段对影片主要情节作简明扼要的概括总结brief summary of the plot;第三段,从观众的角度讨论影片优点与不足之处good and bad points;第四段,观众对所看影片得出自己的结论,并且把影片推荐给他人欣赏conclusion and recommendation。
通过对第一部分阅读材料《美女与野兽》(Beauty and the Beast )的学习,学生们掌握了写影片的四个基本步骤,学习了许多连接词,例如:one day, which, who, in the end, for example, in addition, however, All things considered, although… 并且模仿一些有用的句型,例如:It was directed by …The film was neither … nor… The star was either … or ….
     第一部分的学习为第二部分的写作提供了很好的模板。写作部分,我选取的短片《憨豆先生在高级餐厅》(Mr. Bean in a Fancy Restaurant )。同学们在第十七单元第三课已经学习过该方面的材料,对憨豆先生并不陌生,在经过材料导入以及约4分钟的短片欣赏,同学们的写作激情应该是呼之欲出。当然,我选取的《憨豆先生在高级餐厅》的短片,目的就在于让同学们写一些熟悉的素材,旨在训练同学们的写作技能,提高同学们应用英语的能力。从同学们准备连接词、影评常用句型到写作、检查、讨论等过程,教师要时刻帮助指导。
三、 教学目标
    本节课即要关注语言知识的输入,更要侧重写作技能的有效输出,同时注重培养同学们写作策略。具体教学目标如下:
1、本节课我们首先学习一篇阅读课文《美女与野兽》(Beauty and the Beast ),通过学习范文,让学生们掌握将四个小标题:basic information about the film,brief summary of the plot,good and bad points,conclusion and recommendation与课文A, B, C, D四个段落相匹配,为同学们写影评提供好的范例。
2、学会使用连接词,例如:one day, which, who, in the end, for example, in addition, however, All things considered, although… 首先,需要同学们能够正确完成范文当中的十个空(gaps), 并且通过操练能够在后面的影评写作中得以运用。
3、帮助学生模仿一些有用的句型,例如:(1)It was directed by … (2)The film was neither… nor… (3)The star was either … or … 等等。这些句型的训练应当结合短片《憨豆先生在高级餐厅》(Mr. Bean in a Fancy Restaurant )的内容,这样有利于后面的影评写作,并且为学生们节约了宝贵的课堂时间。
4、电影评论的写作(writing a film review)。在实现了上述教学目标的基础上,影评的写作难度极大地降低了,但是电影评论方面的写作仍然离不开老师的检查与辅导。为了减少学生写作难度和写作时间,保证写作质量,按照影评的四个写作步骤,我为同学们提供了写作模式Writing Layout。
四、 教学重点、难点分析
     本节课我们的教学重点为电影评论的写作(writing a film review),前三项教学目标都是为该项教学重点服务的。但是其它三项教学目标完成的质量如何,决定了该项教学重点完成的速度与质量。通过写作,发展学生能够写出语句通顺、连贯且结构完整的短文的能力,培养学生叙述事情或表达观点和态度的技能。
本课时教学难点有以下几个方面:
1、课堂时间有限,时间安排很难合理,教学时间分配的是否合理直接决定了本节课教学成功与失败。本节课,我在尝试充分利用课堂45分钟完成范文阅读和写作两部分教学内容,因此,范文的学习时间安排约为15~18分钟,其余时间安排为讨论、写作准备、写作、检查、反馈(Discussion, Writing Preparation,Writing, Checking and Talkback)等主要教学环节。当然,也要根据教学反馈信息适时调整时间安排。
2、教学环节联系密切。前三项教学目标都是为该项教学重点服务的,但是其它三项教学目标完成的质量如何,决定了该项教学重点完成的速度与质量。
3、学生对于连接词掌握的数量与影评常用句型运用能力极大地影响学生写作水平。
4、学生参与训练程度决定了本节课是否成功。学生能否积极参与标题与段落的匹配、正确填写与操练连接词、典型句型的训练等等,以及训练的质量直接影响电影评论的写作质量。
五、 教学过程设计
Teaching steps:
Part I Reading
Steps 1 The title and objectives (2 minutes) (PPT1, 2, 3.)
Write the title of this period, then talk about objectives, that is, what we are gong to do this class.
Step 2 Leading-in (5 minutes) (PPT4, 5.)
1. Ask the students to talk about these questions:
(1) What’s your favourite film?
(2) Who is /are the main character(s)?
(3) What kinds of appearance and personality does he/she have?
(4) What’s the brief plot of the film?
(5) What do you think of the film?
    Encourage students to discuss and write down their answers on the blackboard.
2. Watch the video of the film Beauty and the Beast
Step 3 Pre-reading (2 minutes) (PPT6.)
Prediction (Before you start)
   Have students read the title of the review and say what they know about the story “Beauty and Beast”. Then look at the four headings. After that, ask them, “What’s the order of the four headings in your opinion?” and let them discuss which heading can be matched with each paragraph before reading the film review.
Write the students’ guesses on the blackboard.
Step 4 Reading (4 minutes) (PPT7.)
Exercise 1
   Ask students to read the film review loudly. Then encourage students to work individually, and match the paragraphs with the headings. Students can compare their answers in pairs before checking answers as a class.
Answers:
A: basic information about the film B: brief summary of the plot C: good and bad points D: conclusion and recommendation
Step 5 Linking words (4 minutes) (PPT8.)
Exercise 2
        First, ask students to read the film review loudly again. Then encourage students work individually, completing the gaps in the text with these linking words in Exercise 2.
Check students’ answers by having individuals read out the sentences containing the linking expressions.
Answers:
1 one day, 2 which, 3 who, 4 in the end, 5 For example, 6 in addition, 7 however, 8 All things considered, 9 although, 10 although.
Step 6 After- reading (3 minutes) (PPT9.)
Exercise 3
     Read out the example sentences to the class. Check that students understand that “either…or” is a positive and “nether…nor” is a negative expression.
Students do the exercise,working individually. They then compare answers in pairs before checking answers as a class. Choose several students to read out their answers.
Answers:
2、It was directed by either Steven Spielberg or George Lucas.
3、The film was neither romantic nor funny.
4、The star was either Julia Roberts or Sandra Bullock.
5、The film had neither good special effects nor good music.

Part II Writing: A Film Review
Step 7 Leading-in (5 minutes) (PPT10, 11.)
   We have just learnt a film review: Beauty and Beast, and we know how to write a film review. Now let’s talk about the topic again, “What is your favorite film?”
“Mr. Bean in a Fancy Restaurant (超链接4 minutes)” is familiar to everyone. Now we will see the short film again, then discuss it together, and write a film review about it.
Show 8 pictures to students, these pictures are main scenes in the film, which can help students to remember the plots. Play the short film “Mr. Bean in a Fancy Restaurant” for students.
Step 8 Discussion (2 minutes) (PPT12.)
1. Let the students discuss the scenes in the film in pairs or groups in class.
2. Ask the students to report:
Who is the main character?
What kinds of appearance and personality does he have?
What’s the brief plot of the film?
What do you think of the film?
Write the students’ answers on the blackboard.
Step 9 Writing Preparation (4 minutes) (PPT13, 14, 15, 16.)
Linking-words and useful expressions
Linking-words in the text:
   One day, in the end, for example, in addition, however, although, as a result, as a result of, all things considered, either…or..., neither…nor….
Additional Linking-words:
What is more, besides, also, too, because of, because, due to, owing to, so, thanks to, since, therefore, thus.
Useful expressions
1. The film is directed by…
2. It won an Oscar/prize in ….
3. It is based on/adapted from the novel…
4. The film is set in …
5. The film does have its weak points/drawbacks.
6. The sound effects / scenery / lines / special effects… are / is good / magnificent.
7. All things considered, this is a real masterpiece. It is well worth seeing.
8. I do recommend it to you.
The examples of sentences:
1. This film was directed by either Steven Spielberg or by George Lucas.
2. It is based on a story which happened in a restaurant.
3. The film has neither good special effects nor good music.
4. I recommend the film to everyone, although some scenes are quite violent.
5. The scenery is beautiful. What’s more, the background music is perfect.
6. In the end, they moved to Canada.
7. All things considered, this is a real masterpiece.
Step 10 Writing Layout (10 minutes) (PPT17, 18.)
Stage 1 Tips
    Tell students to use the headings in Exercise 1 in the correct order when they make notes about the film they have chosen.
1. Don’t forget: Linking words.
2. Remember to use some sentences you have learned.
3. You can refer to Writing Help 3 (P98)
4. Don’t forget to refer to Unit 17 Lesson 3: My Favourite comedy.
Stage 2 Writing
   Encourage students to work individually, writing their film reviews in four paragraphs, following the sequence of the paragraphs in the review of “Beauty and the Beast”. Go around and monitor the activity, helping and pointing out any errors that need correcting.
(1)Writing Layout (写作模式) :
Paragraph 1 Give some basic information about the film.
Mr. Bean in a fancy restaurant is based on a story which happened in a restaurant. Mr. Bean is acted by Rowan Atkinson, who is an actor and a comedian...
Paragraph 2 Give a brief summary of the plot.
On Mr. Bean’s birthday, he came to a fancy restaurant, where many funny things happened…
Paragraph 3 Give your opinions – good and bad things about the film.
Mr. Atkinson is best known for the dizzy, awkward, clumsy, but always amusing Mr. Bean. I like to watch Mr. Bean on TV but I wouldn’t want to meet someone like him in real life and I certainly wouldn’t want to have dinner with him…
Paragraph 4 Conclusion and recommendation.
If you think that Rowan Atkinson is anything like his famous creation, then you are in for a surprise. He studied at Newcastle University; at Oxford, he obtained his Master’s degree… So I do recommend it to you.
(2)Students’ writing
Ask 4 volunteers from 4 teams to write one paragraph on the blackboard in order in turn.
Student 1
basic information about the film Student 2
brief summary of the plot
Student 3
good and bad points Student 4
conclusion and recommendation
Step 11 Checking (2 minutes) (PPT19.)
Ask students to do as following:
1. Read your film review carefully.
2. Share your film review with your partners.
Encourage students to check their writing together, referring to the notes on checking in Writing Help 3(page98). Help and point out any errors that need correcting.
Step 12 Talkback (1 minute) (PPT20.)
Encourage students to work in groups of three or four, reading each other’s reviews and discussing which sounds like the best film, and ask them to tell us why it’s the best one.
Step 13 Summary (1 minute) (PPT21.)
Sum up the steps of writing a film review:
Para. A basic information about the film
Para. B brief summary of the plot
Para. C good and bad points
Para. D conclusion and recommendation
Step 14 Homework (1 minute) (PPT22.)
1. According to what we have learnt, rewrite this review. (About 120 English words)
2. Read and remember some important new words, phrases and sentences which we have learnt in this period.


六、板书设计
板书一
Unit 18 Communication Workshop
Writing: A Film Review
Students’ answers Some key words and expressions

板书二
(学生作文板书)
Student 1
basic information about the film Student 2
brief summary of the plot
Student 3
good and bad points Student 4
conclusion and recommendation

七、 教学评价设计
    科学的评价是实现课程目标的重要保障。学生是教学活动积极的参与者和合作者,通过不同形式的评价,充分肯定学生的进步,鼓励学生自我反思、自我提高;分析自己的成绩与不足,明确努力的方向。通过不同形式的评价,教师获取英语教学的反馈信息,对自己的课堂教学行为进行反思和适当的调整,确保课堂教学任务的完成及课堂教学质量。
     本节写作课前后分作两个部分,无论是第一部分的阅读美女与野兽Beauty and the Beast,还是第二部分的写作,我在教学设计和PPT课件之中都安排了大量的问题互动活动。在阅读部分,我设计的有问题导入、小标题与段落之间的匹配预测、连接词填空等等具体任务。在开展这些活动的时候,许多问题需要同学们独立或以两人或多人小组形式完成。在写作之前,我设计的有讨论Discussion,目的在于帮助同学们熟悉影片内容,而同学们在愉快地观看之后的积极回答问题。而在课件PPT14、15、16幻灯片之中有用的句型训练,便于同学们为写作准备必要的句型,降低了写作难度、提高写作质量。在上述活动中,许多时候需要同学们进行自我评价,而在反馈Talkback 阶段,则需要同学们开展小组评论。在写作与反馈环节,学生可能出现的问题稍微要多一些,难度要大一些,教师对于学生恰当的评价会直接影响学生写作水平的发挥,即学生综合语言技能的输出skills output。
    当然,在这些活动中,要及时鼓励他们所取得的每一份进步;发现同学们遇到的麻烦与问题,需要及时帮助他们解决。至于同学们的回答不能简单地用Yes或No,鼓励他们更多地使用相对完整的句子。教师的科学评价也极大地促进自己不断地提高教育教学业务水平。





参考文献:
《国家中长期教育改革和发展规划纲要》
《教育信息化十年发展规划》
《普通高中英语课程标准》
海淀区教学设计第十八单元教学设计 北师大版教师用书 视频资料 Beauty and Beast (Flash Video File) 网络下载视频资料 憨豆先生生日就餐 (AVI) 网络下载

发布时间:2013-10-8


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